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Wiki User. A conifer is a shrub or tree that is found in northern temperate regions and that has cone-like fruits and toothed leaves. Specifically, the term comes from the combination of the Latin words conus "cone" and ferre "to bear". A conifer is a member of the Pinophyta "pine-producing" divison of plants.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Types of plant - Habit of plant - Shrubs, herbs, trees, bushes, climbers ,creepers -Content:
- General Keys to Families and Special Groups
- Crossword Solver
- How to identify trees
- Permissible Tree Planting
- alder tree
- north temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and conelike fruit Crossword Clue
- 15 Trees Every Outdoor Lover Should Learn to Identify
General Keys to Families and Special Groups
Traveling across the state, you soon discover that Oregon is home to a wide range of trees. There are 30 native coniferous species and 37 native species of broadleaf trees. Oregon varies greatly in terms of elevation, temperature, wind, rainfall and soil composition.
Combinations of all these factors help determine the dominant tree species of an area. The African conifer As the common name indicates, this tree is native to the Atlas Mountains of North Africa and is one of our few representatives from that continent.
Range It is typically cultivated as an ornamental tree in temperate climates of Oregon because it is more tolerant of dry and hot conditions than most conifers. Character This distinctive evergreen has silver blue-green needles. Pyramidal in its youth, it becomes massive with horizontal, spreading branches.
The Atlas cedar lives long and requires a lot of space to develop freely, growing 40 to 60 feet high with a to foot spread. Male cones are 2 to 3 inches and form on the lower part of tree, with larger purple female cones developing on top branches.
Its needles are blue-green in color, about 1 inch long with a white color underneath. Understory At use in landscaping and urban settings, its understory is often determined by design. However, native species of shrubs and trees should be removed to reduce competition and improve growing conditions. Big and beautiful The bigleaf maple has the largest leaves of all the maples, hence the name.
The wood of the maple is used for furniture, cabinets and flooring, among other products. The sap of the bigleaf maple can be used for maple syrup production, though not commercially. It produces a unique yet equally delicious condiment. Range It is widely distributed throughout western Oregon and is capable of growing on a wide variety of sites and soils, and regenerating in the shade of other species. Bigleaf maple can form pure stands but are usually found in riparian hardwood forests or mixed with evergreens or oaks.
Character The bigleaf maple is a medium to large, shade-tolerant broadleaf tree up to feet tall. Climate The bigleaf maple can grow in a wide range of temperatures and moisture, from moist and cool coastal regions to areas with dry, warm seasons. Understory Many animals take advantage of living in or near the maple for its highly palatable leaves, good seed production and nesting possibilities.
Other delicious plants are found nearby, including salmonberries and swordfern. Management Under intensive management, rotations of 50 years or less can be used.
Bigleaf maple is a vigorous stump sprouter, and often forms multiple stem sprout clumps after a tree is cut. The clumps need to be thinned to the one good stem if maple sawlogs are the goal. Both food and shelter for wildlife Often more of a shrub than a tree, bitter cherry creates beautiful red fruits that look delicious but taste awful.
Parts of the bitter cherry tree were used for poultices and bark infusions by Native Americans. Range Bitter cherry occurs in a variety of habitats, from mountain brush to woodland and riparian areas. In Oregon, the bitter cherry tree is often found in ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir forests. Character The bitter cherry is a medium deciduous tree that grows up to 50 feet tall.
Leaves are oblong to oval with small teeth and rounded tips. Flowers are highly fragrant, and the smooth bark is dark brown to red with small gray interrupted bands. Climate Grows on moist, sunny sites throughout much of Oregon; it is adaptable to a wide range of temperatures and precipitation.
Understory Dense thickets of bitter cherry provide important cover for wildlife and roosting sites. Deer and elk will eat leaves and twigs.Birds and small mammals will eat the fruits, but humans can get sick from them as they are, as their name indicates, quite bitter. Management For optimal results, bitter cherry should be propagated from seed, but can also be propagated from softwood stem or root cuttings.
If used to enhance wildlife habitat, the bitter cherry should be protected from browsing animals for at least three years after planting. Native Americans used the bark for treating all kinds of ailments, such as wounds and rheumatism.
Today we know that the bark contains salicin, which is very similar in structure to aspirin. It is particularly well suited to well-drained, gravelly soils near streams and tolerant of flooding. It has a low drought tolerance. Character The black cottonwood is a fast-growing, large broadleaf tree that can grow up to feet tall and more than 8 feet in diameter. It is the tallest broadleaf tree in western North America. The bark is gray with tenticels, and leaves are glossy dark green on top and light green on the undersides.
Although fast-growing, this sun-loving tree does not have a long life span, with trees rarely living more than years. Climate Black cottonwood prefers moist, riparian areas at elevations of , feet. It grows best in full sunlight. Understory The leaves and shoots are highly prized as food for many wildlife species, including deer, elk and beaver.
Large birds often use the tree fortheir nesting sites. Management It is best to manage these trees to keep the possibility of fire aslow as possible, as any fire will kill their seeds. A very fast-growing hybrid of black cottonwood and eastern cottonwood is grown in plantations in Oregon for pulp, lumber and biomass. Tribal roots California black oak provided a fountain of resources to Native Americans of Oregon, including food, medicine, dyes, utensils, games, toys and construction materials.
Acorns formed a staple food throughout much of Oregon and were eaten in the form of a soup, mush, bread or patties. Today, acorns are still gathered by people of many different tribes in southern Oregon and relished as food.
Range California black oak is distributed along foothills and lower mountains of California and southern Oregon. Character The California black oak is a hardwood tree with a broad rounded crown from 32 to 80 feet high. It is the largest mountain oak in the West. The trunk bark is dark and covered with small plates. The bright green leaves are distinctly six-lobed, ending in one to four bristles.
The acorns are 1 to 1. Understory Common shrub associates include greenleaf manzanita, whiteleaf manzanita, deerbrush, bear-clover, oceanspray and poison-oak. Understory vegetation is generally sparse under California black oak, although shrubs may become abundant and competitive after fire or cutting.
Climate California black oak is adapted to a climate characterized by hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. Its climate has an average annual precipitation range of 30 to 70 inches. California black oak grows best in a zone where 10 to 50 percent of the precipitation occurs as snow.
Management Several attributes qualify the wood of California black oak for commercial use: attractive grain and figure for paneling and furniture, hardness and finishing qualities for flooring, and strength properties for pallets, industrial flooring and other uses.
California black oak is intolerant of shade for most of its life. Young seedlings can persist in the shade; saplings can survive as intermediate trees, growing tall and thin toward the light. California black oak will grow toward openings, leaning as much as 15 to 20 degrees.
The filbert tree is a close relative of the California hazel and a variety that is native to Oregon. Nearly 99 percent of the nation's filbert crop is produced in Oregon and often marketed as hazelnuts, to avoid confusion. Range In its natural setting it is mostly found on damp rocky slopes and stream banks in the understory of coniferous or mixed hardwood forests.
Character Native shrubs or small trees form thickets growing 3 to 50 feet tall. Its main stem is straight, with spreading, ascending branches.
Leaves are often velvety-hairy, nearly round to ovate and 1. Tiny filaments protrude from the husk and may stick and irritate the skin. Understory California hazelnut is used in hedgerow, riparian and wildlife habitat plantings to provide cover and food. Many animals including squirrels, chipmunks, jays, grouse and pheasant eat the nuts. Management California hazelnut does well in full sun or shade, and prefers moist but well-drained, loamy, acid soils.
California hazelnut may need to be watered during the first year or two, but requires little management once established.Fire kills the above-ground portion of the shrub, but it resprouts fairly readily after fire, and in fact American Indians in California and Oregon used fire to encourage hazelnut growth. Protecting our water source The California red fir often dominates large areas of high country that are a major watershed, particularly in California.
For this reason it has long been an important forest tree. The name red fir derives from the bark color of old trees. The wood is straight-grained, light and soft but stronger than the wood of other firs. It is used for fuel, coarse lumber, quality veneer, solid framing, plywood and printing paper. Range The California red fir is native to the mountains of southwest Oregon and California. It is a high-elevation tree, typically occurring at elevations of between 4, and 8, feet, though rarely reaching the tree line.
Character This species has a narrow conical crown with horizontal branches and flattened needles, about 1 inch long, resembling a hockey stick. Male cones are purple to dark red and female cones are reddish-brown and located near the top of the crown. Understory Dense red fir stands on good-quality sites usually have no understory vegetation. Best growth appears to be in areas that receive between 30 and 49 inches of precipitation annually.
Management The California red fir is a climax species nearly everywhere it is found, maturing in approximately years.
It is responsible for much of the timber volume in California, but is less accessible in the high altitudes of the Siskiyou and Cascades ranges in Oregon where harvesting is minimal. Tree or shrub, it's all about location This oak grows best in sheltered canyons, and can reach heights of 80 feet or more. However, on exposed mountain slopes, it is often a small shrub forming dense thickets.
Because it is an attractive tree that grows easily on steep, rocky slopes, it is desirable to urban planners as a slope stabilizer.
Switch to new thesaurus. Alnus glutinosa , Alnus vulgaris , common alder , European black alder - medium-sized tree with brown-black bark and woody fruiting catkins; leaves are hairy beneath. Alnus incana , gray alder , grey alder - native to Europe but introduced in America. Alnus maritima , seaside alder - shrub or small tree of southeastern United States having soft light brown wood. Alnus rhombifolia , white alder , mountain alder - tree of western United States.
Male cones are 2 to 3 inches and form on the lower part of tree, However, native species of shrubs and trees should be removed to reduce competition and.
How to identify trees
For a more complete key targeting trees species of the Upper Peninsula, click here. The U. A dichotomous key is used to identify tree and plants, as well as many other groups of things in the natural world. It works by providing a series of choices, which the user follows through to the end. By the process of elimination, the correct identification can be made. Reading keys requires practice, especially in the beginning. They are a good way to exercise careful observation and reading skills.
Permissible Tree Planting
Another native tree that is commonly planted along our streets and in our parks, the Sea Almond Terminalia catappa is a coastal species that can be found naturally along the seashores and in the mangroves of Singapore. This tree is semi-deciduous, and sheds its leaves twice a year. As the leaves wither, they turn from green into a mix of red, orange and yellow, giving an autumnal feel to our tropical city. The Sea Almond can also be identified by its pagoda shape, due to the regularly-spaced tiered branches on its trunk, and its large buttresses.
All trees have clues and features that can help with identification. You just need to know what to look out for.
Scientific classification or taxonomy is the ordering and ranking of organisms into groups having common characteristics. Scientists classify organisms to bring order and efficiency to data storage and information. Nomenclature is the assignment of names to organisms. In distinguishing between tree species we use common or vernacular names and scientific names - genus and species. Vernacular names are used in common everyday speech, but not by scientists.
North temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and conelike fruit Crossword Clue
Traveling across the state, you soon discover that Oregon is home to a wide range of trees. There are 30 native coniferous species and 37 native species of broadleaf trees. Oregon varies greatly in terms of elevation, temperature, wind, rainfall and soil composition. Combinations of all these factors help determine the dominant tree species of an area. The African conifer As the common name indicates, this tree is native to the Atlas Mountains of North Africa and is one of our few representatives from that continent.Range It is typically cultivated as an ornamental tree in temperate climates of Oregon because it is more tolerant of dry and hot conditions than most conifers.
The foliage and shrub-like habit is typical of the species, but it will usually grow to a It has dark green elliptical leaves with toothed margins.
15 Trees Every Outdoor Lover Should Learn to Identify
Red berries look cheerful on a winter day, sparkling in the sun or highlighted with a dusting of snow. Some trees and shrubs display beautiful fruits in late summer or fall, which persist into winter and attract hungry birds. In a glorious display of crimson, scarlet or vermillion, their attractive berries adorn their branches in eye-catching bouquets, which gleam like jewels in the soft sunlight. They make a terrific addition to any outdoor and indoor setting.
All types of trees play an important role in our ecosystem. Trees provide shade, shelter, oxygen, and many even produce fruit. There are over 60, species of trees that come in all shapes and sizes, from majestic cedars to smaller fruit trees and shrubs. Identifying the different kinds of trees usually depends on examining their leaves and bark.
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This list of trees and shrubs is intended to provide guidance for choosing a tree or shrub which will grow in Las Vegas, New Mexico yards. This list of species is for residential yards, not City Parks which are regularly watered during the summer. The list is not exhaustive. Before selecting a tree, think about the purposes of the tree you are going to plant: do you want it for shade, privacy screen, windbreak, beauty, wildlife value? Due to unpredictable late frosts, fruit producing trees are not recommended as a food source. A tree is an investment in both time and money.
Leaves evergreen Leaf blades densely yellow-glandular on both surfaces; crushed leaves aromatic, scent reminiscent of bay leaves Morella 2.